Last edited by Duhn
Tuesday, October 6, 2020 | History

4 edition of A poverty-inequality trade-off? found in the catalog.

A poverty-inequality trade-off?

Martin Ravallion

A poverty-inequality trade-off?

by Martin Ravallion

  • 25 Want to read
  • 15 Currently reading

Published by World Bank in [Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Developing countries.
    • Subjects:
    • Poverty -- Developing countries.,
    • Income distribution -- Developing countries.,
    • Equality -- Developing countries.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementMartin Ravallion.
      SeriesPolicy research working paper ;, 3579, Policy research working papers (Online) ;, 3579.
      ContributionsWorld Bank.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHG3881.5.W57
      The Physical Object
      FormatElectronic resource
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL3477947M
      LC Control Number2005617823

        Two strategies that governments have to help people on low incomes - providing them with financial support directly, and encouraging them to earn more - generally conflict. This report provides new evidence on the trade-off between redistributing income and improving work g on large-scale survey data spanning the last 26 years, the report analyses the incomes and work   progressive tax and transfer systems can all reduce income inequality. On this basis, the chapter identifies several policy reforms that could yield a double dividend in terms of boosting GDP per capita and reducing income inequality, and also flags other policy areas where reforms would entail a trade-off between both

      Inequality, poverty and economic mobility in particular have a number of measurement challenges. Gini Index The most popular measurement of income inequality is the Gini index, which leverages a simple scale of to derive deviance from a given perfect equality ://   Poverty and Inequality in a ‘Principles of Economics’ Textbook Maitreesh Ghatak inevit able equity–effi ciency trade-off. In-deed, the treatment of inequality and pov-erty in Mankiw ( Chapter 20) revolves On the topic of inequality, the book starts in

        This trade-off between inequality and growth is quantified using a tool called the "inequality-growth trade-off index." The trade-off index measures how much growth in mean income or expenditure will be required to offset a 1% increase in inequality, with poverty remaining unchanged. Second, the paper looks into the issue of pro-poor ://   trade on growth, inequality, and poverty in developing countries (Goldberg and Pavcnik a, ). Over the past 25 years, economists have accumulated substantial evidence on the effects of trade in developing countries by looking at the key mechanisms through which international trade shapes earnings and employment opportunities in a ://


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A poverty-inequality trade-off? by Martin Ravallion Download PDF EPUB FB2

2. Arguments and evidence of a poverty-inequality trade-off. The classic theoretical argument for believing in the existence of a poverty-inequality trade-off (PIT) in developing countries is based on the Kuznets Hypothesis (KH). Under the KH relative inequality increases in the early stages of growth in a developing country but begins to;jsessionid.

Get this from a library. A poverty-inequality trade-off?. [Martin Ravallion] -- The idea that A poverty-inequality trade-off?

book countries face a trade-off between poverty and inequality has had considerable influence on thinking about development policy. The experience of developing countries in the Downloadable. The idea that developing countries face a A poverty-inequality trade-off?

book between poverty and inequality has had considerable influence on thinking about development policy. The experience of developing countries in the s does not, however, reveal any sign of a systematic trade-off between measures of absolute poverty and relative :// A poverty-inequality trade-off.

(English) Abstract. The idea that developing countries face a trade-off between poverty and inequality has had considerable influence on thinking about development The idea that developing countries face a trade-off between poverty and inequality has had considerable influence on thinking about development policy.

The experience of developing countries in the s does not, however, reveal any sign of a systematic trade-off between measures of absolute poverty and relative The idea that developing countries face a trade off between poverty and inequality has had considerable influence on thinking about development policy.

The experience of developing countries in the s does not, however, reveal any sign of a systematic trade off between measures of absolute poverty and relative :// And rising inequality appears more likely to be putting a brake on poverty reduction than to be facilitating it.

However, there is evidence of a trade-off for absolute inequality, suggesting that those who want a lower absolute gap between the rich and the poor must in general be willing to see lower absolute levels of living for poor ://   A Poverty-Inequality Trade-Off.

Share Page. Add to Favorites; Email; Download Citation; Get Citation Alert; Authors/Editors: Martin Ravallion. Abstract PDF (1MB) Cited By   On the empirical side, the evidence on the trade-off between inequality and growth, despite a large number of recent studies, remains inconclu-sive.

In a recent paper Deininger and Squire () document the fragility and the non-robustness of the results obtained by using cross-country re-   The trade-off between income redistribution and work incentives. While financial work incentives have strengthened on average sincerelative poverty and inequality have increased.

Often they have seemed to move in step, work incentives strengthening most in years when poverty and inequality rose :// Impact of International Trade on Income and Income Inequality Abstract The impact of international trade on the level and distribution of income has been the field of focus in international economics.

There have been empirical studies supporting and opposing trade openness but most of the studies drew the results from cross sectional ://   The key reason why the trade-off is not found when using the relative measures of inequality is that economic growth is weakly linked to changes in relative inequality.

The author contends that there is more to the changes in inequality and poverty than is captured by the simple idea of a poverty-inequality :// The idea that developing countries face a trade off between poverty and inequality has had considerable influence on thinking about development policy.

The experience of developing countries in the s does not, however, reveal any sign of a   The poverty trade-off This publication can be provided in alternative formats, such as large print, Braille, audiotape and A catalog record for this book has been requested. Stuart Adam is a senior research economist, 4 Poverty, inequality and work incentives over time 19   Coffee is one of the most valuable commodities exported by the global South (seconded only by oil and illegal drugs), generating billions of dollars in corporate profit each year.

And yet, despite the expansion and increased visibility of fair-trade coffee, the majority of the world’s coffee families live in relative poverty.

Gavin Fridell’s recent book, [ ]   inequality, with inequality converging much faster than income. As indicated above, this could potentially lead to an increase in poverty when a policy presents a trade-off between its growth and inequality outcomes.

On the growth-inequality links, we find a Kuznets type of relationship by which inequality rises with income levels up to This book focuses on income inequality, output-inflation trade-off and economic policy uncertainty in South Africa.

Tight monetary and macroprudential policies raise income inequality. Income inequality transmits monetary policy and macroprudential policy shocks to real economic :// Downloadable. The aim of this paper is to examine the inequality and poverty issues of rural households in India from the perspective of a household’s monthly per capita consumption expenditure using data on nea households.

In examining these issues, the paper first sets out a model of a poverty–inequality trade-off whereby governments could choose the poverty–inequality   a trade-off relationship, and presents my personal view of that relationship and policy recommendations.

JEL Classification Numbers: D31, I20, I 1. Introduction Debate in Japan on the subject of poverty has centred on the assertion that the country is moving towards a less equal society. This is in sharp contrast with a popular belief that The Poverty Trade-off: work incentives and income redistribution in Britain, by Stuart Adam, Mike Brewer and Andrew Shephard By Citizens Basic Income Trust 12th November Policy Press, Bristol / Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York,viii + 55 pp, paperback, 1 0, £.

“I used to study poverty, inequality, and growth (or the lack of it) as separate phenomena, often locked in a diabolical trade-off far from being inimical to one another they are complementary factors in the evolution of human welfare.” The stagnation of the incomes of the white and blue collar middle class in advanced economies [ ]  3 The Role of Trade in Ending Poverty FOREWORD This is a critical year in the world’s collaborative effort to end global poverty and boost the incomes of the poorest.

We will endorse the Sustainable Development Goals, develop a plan for financing for development, and reach for a landmark agreement to mitigate and adapt to climate ://In this book, Amiel and Cowell examine the evidence from a large international questionnaire experiment using student respondents.

Along with basic 'cake-sharing' issues, related questions involving social-welfare rankings, the relationship between inequality and overall income growth and the meaning of poverty comparisons are ://